Accounting Final Exam Flashcards

how are cash equivalents reported or disclosed in the financial statements?

In response to statement users’ needs for assessing earning power, accountants report material amounts of investment income separately from operating income. In general, the short-run solvency of a firm is strengthened by having additional cash and cash equivalents because the firm is better able to meet to short-term obligations; correspondingly, having less creates greater risk.

Valuing oil and gas properties held by individuals or estates at three times the annual cash flow (“3x Cash Flow”), has been a widely used rule of thumb for decades according to Stout Risius Ross Global Financial Advisory Services. This approach is so simple and avoids petroleum engineering or appraisal fees, which is why it is so widely used — particularly for smaller, nominal properties. Disclose the fair value of the securities to be repurchased and a description of the terms of the agreements (such as settlement price ranges, agreed-on yields, maturity dates, etc.) for commitments as of the reporting date to repurchase securities under yield maintenance agreements. Disclose the use of either the macaulay duration, modified duration, or effective duration when applying the duration interest rate risk disclosure method. Agencies may choose to use different interest rate risk disclosure methods in succeeding years.

Reporting Restricted Cash

Some states have established specific regulations surrounding capital assets; therefore, school districts should consult state sources in establishing new policies. Notes 30 and 31 include illustrative language and format for risk management disclosures. The illustrative disclosures should not be considered the only acceptable form of presentation. Alternative presentations to those proposed in this section will be equally acceptable if they comply with the specific disclosure requirements prescribed in IPSAS. The form and content for risk management disclosure should be based on facts and circumstance of each UN Secretariat reporting entity. The methodology applies a last-in-first-out assumption in the determination of the annual leave liabilities, whereby staff members access current period leave entitlements before they access accumulated annual leave balances relating to prior periods. In line with IPSAS 25, Employee benefits, other long-term benefits must be valued similarly to post-employment benefits; therefore, the United Nations values its accumulated annual leave benefit liability as a defined, post-employment benefit that is actuarially valued.

how are cash equivalents reported or disclosed in the financial statements?

Check out more information and resources on not-for-profit financial reporting. Significant concentrations of net exposure to credit risk with individual counterparties and groups of counterparties.

2           Preparation And Presentation Of General Purpose Financial Reports

These awards include stock options, restricted stock units, restricted stock and performance–based share units. The fair value of our stock option grants is estimated on the grant date using a Black-Scholes-Merton option-pricing model. The Company recognizes compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the period the stock option grant is earned by the employee, generally four years.

  • Operating results for the period from May 20, through September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected through December 31, 2021.
  • Basis differences capture the differences resulting from preparing the budget on a modified cash basis.
  • Marketable investments are those with original maturities in excess of three months.
  • Risk management disclosures above are for illustrative purpose, the Organization should edit/add disclosures based on analysis that is being carried out to manage various types of risk.
  • The estimated useful lives of property, plant and equipment classes are set out below.

Depreciation is not required for those capitalized collections or individual items that are considered to be inexhaustible. Inexhaustible collections of individual works of art or historical treasures are those with extraordinarily long useful lives. Because of their cultural, aesthetic, or historical value, the holder of the asset applies efforts to protect and preserve the asset in a manner greater than that for similar assets without such cultural, aesthetic, or historical value. A periodic reassessment of the estimated useful lives of capital assets may be appropriate.

Cash And Cash Equivalents Note To Financial Statement

The first form of disclosures gives details on accounting policies and methods of a firm. The second form of disclosure provides asset and liability information of interest to shareholders (Kieso, D., et al., 2010). Credit risk exists when the amount owed the governmental entity exceeds the amount the governmental entity owes the broker/dealer. When investments are significant to the government’s financial position or operations, it may be necessary for summarized information to be presented in the notes. Investments not measured at fair value include money market investments and participating interest-earning investment contracts that have a remaining maturity of one year or less. Futures contracts require an initial margin deposit with a futures broker and maintenance of margin as long as the futures contract is open.

  • Stock options granted to non-employee consultants are revalued at the end of each reporting period until vested and the changes in their fair value are recorded as adjustments to expense over the related vesting period.
  • A gain or loss resulting from the disposal or transfer of property, plant and equipment arises when proceeds from disposal or transfer differ from its carrying amount.
  • Where cash is received subject to specific conditions, however, recognition of revenue is deferred until those conditions have been satisfied.
  • This would potentially impact an insurance agency system more than it does an insurance carriersince an insurance agency typically receives cash payments that do not belong to them and which represent pass-through items.
  • For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no material adjustments to the Company’s prior period estimates of accrued expenses for clinical trials.
  • The Schedule was revised to provide relevant information needed in assessing and auditing governments’ risk management circumstances.

Increases or decreases in the carrying amount of redeemable common stock are affected by charges against additional paid in capital and accumulated deficit. A company with a healthy balance of cash and cash equivalent is perceived to perform well and manage its resources. Clarified that the governments should be reporting both short- and long-term liabilities on the Schedule. Added reporting requirements of GASBS 88, Certain Disclosures Related to Debt, Including Direct Borrowings and Direct Placements.

How To Calculate Cash & Cash Equivalents Balances

Capital assets arising from gifts or donations are recorded at their estimated fair value at the time of receipt. The cash pools are not exposed to significant other price risks because they do not sell short, borrow securities or purchase securities on margin, which limits the potential loss of capital. Risk management disclosures above are for illustrative purpose, UN Treasury should edit/add disclosures based on analysis that is being carried out to manage various types of risk. Add necessary information related to investment (i.e. the United Nations Staff Mutual Insurance Society against Sickness and Accident) credit risk based on facts and circumstances.

  • ASC 740 also clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in a company’s financial statements and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return.
  • The Organization is a member organization participating in the United Nations Joint Staff Pension Fund, which was established by the General Assembly to provide retirement, death, disability and related benefits to employees.
  • The proper reporting of bank overdrafts or negative cash balances on the statement of cash flows depends upon the underlying nature of the reporting situation.
  • BARS Account Export395.40 (Compensation for Loss/Impairment of Capital Asset)395.40 New code – Include insurance and other recoveries for damaged, destroyed, stolen, or lost governmental capital assets.
  • Proper protection of investments includes acquiring legal ownership or custody of securities.
  • She most recently worked at Duke University and is the owner of Peggy James, CPA, PLLC, serving small businesses, nonprofits, solopreneurs, freelancers, and individuals.
  • Diluted net income per share is computed similarly to basic net income per share, except that it includes the potential dilution that could occur if dilutive securities were exercised.

Refer to Note 3 for additional information regarding revenue recognition. The proper reporting of bank overdrafts or negative cash balances on the statement of cash flows depends upon the underlying nature of the reporting situation. Bank overdrafts, which represent checks written without sufficient funds in the entity’s bank account that are cleared by the bank and create an obligation for the entity, should be considered financing activities. On the other hand, book overdrafts, which relate to a temporary excess of outstanding written checks in excess of funds on deposit in a particular bank account, are analogous to accounts payable and may be considered an element of cash flows from operating activities. Accordingly, the proper reporting of the cash flow as a financing or operating activity requires a clear understanding of the cause of the overdraft or negative cash balance.

Why Do Shareholders Need Financial Statements?

Under the “Consumption Method,” purchase transactions are first recorded in the inventory account. As inventory how are cash equivalents reported or disclosed in the financial statements? is actually used, an entry to recognize the expenditure is posted to the appropriate accounts.

how are cash equivalents reported or disclosed in the financial statements?

The financial statements should present an aggregated view of the reporting entity along with fund group reporting in the notes to the financial statements. When used in these notes, the terms “The Coca-Cola Company,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” mean The Coca-Cola Company and all entities included in our consolidated financial statements. In conclusion, the purpose of provision of financial statement disclosures is improving investor ability to make informed decisions. When investors choose not to analyse inventory, receivables, cash and cash equivalents disclosures it increases their vulnerability to potential firm and market shocks. If the timeliest financial statements of the investee are not available to apply the equity method, the government should use the most recent available financial statements to record its share of earnings or losses. Foreign currency risk is the risk that investments will be adversely affected due to changes in exchange rates.

Cash And Cash Equivalents Presentation

Because the federal agricultural commodity program involves purpose restrictions in the use of the resources, the value of inventory remaining on hand at fiscal year-end should be reflected as a reservation of fund balance/restriction of net assets. All investments should be made with consideration of the district’s cash requirements and cash flows. The Organization is not exposed to other significant market price risk as it has limited exposure to price-related risk with respect to expected purchases of certain commodities used in normal operations. Therefore, change in those prices can only alter cash flows by an immaterial amount. Add explanation of additional jointly controlled operations, jointly controlled assets and joint venture operations accounted for using the equity method. This represents 20XX regular budget contribution to the funds accounted for under the joint venture equity method and is broken down into . The fund for compensation payments relates to the payment of compensation with regard to death, injury or illness attributable to the performance of official duties.

The Company makes estimates of its accrued expenses as of each balance sheet date based on the facts and circumstances known to it at that time. The Company’s clinical trial accruals are dependent upon the timely and accurate reporting of contract research organizations and other third-party vendors. For the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, there were no material adjustments to the Company’s prior period estimates of accrued expenses for clinical trials. Amounts generally described as restricted cash and restricted cash equivalents are required to be included in the total cash and cash equivalents in the statement of cash flows. If applicable, select underlying securities custodial credit risk when the collateral for those loans is not reported in the balance sheet. Governmental lenders are considered to have the ability to pledge or sell collateral securities without borrower default if the securities lending contract specifically allows it. The original value of the cash collateral received must be maintained and reported as a collateral obligation in the liabilities section of the statement of net position, balance sheet and/or statement of fiduciary net position.

They should be expected to continue to comprise a substantial portion of the inflows reported in the fund. While GASB Statement 54 has not provided a numeric range for substantial portion of inflows, it was recommended that at least 20 percent is a reasonable limit for reporting a special revenue fund. Local governments need to consider factors such as past resource history, future resource expectations and unusual current year inflows such as debt proceeds in their analysis. Working capital budget – Combines flexible and fixed budget elements in one document for enterprise and internal service funds. Current operations are flexibly budgeted based on the estimated level of services to be provided and long-range sources and uses of assets are controlled by annual/biennial appropriations and continuing appropriations. The goal of financial accounting for cash is the disclosure of the balance on hand at the balance sheet date.

IAS 7 was reissued in December 1992, retitled in September 2007, and is operative for financial statements covering periods beginning on or after 1 January 1994. Which of the following is INCORRECT for establishing and maintaining a petty cash fund? A.) The company must obtain the cash needed for the fund and record and entry for the establishment of the fund. B.) When the petty cash fund needs to be replenished, an entry is recorded to recognize an increase in the petty cash account. C.) When appropriate documentation is presented, cash payments are made from the fund; the petty cash custodian retains the documentation. D.) A check is prepared for a small, fixed amount; when the check is cashed, the money is entrusted to a petty cash custodian.

Management assesses the probability of loss for such contingencies and accrues a liability and/or discloses the relevant circumstances, as appropriate. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standards Codification 606,Revenue from Contracts with Customers(“ASC 606”).

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